Once a child is born, the maternity hospital reports the birth to the local civil registry office. The civil registry office issues a document called a birth certificate for the child. The birth certificate is not a residence entitlement.
Residence permit for a foreign national child born in the territory of the CR
If you plan to stay in the CR for more than 60 days after the child’s birth, you need to apply for a residence permit for your child within 60 days from the birth.
If the child is a citizen of the European Union or a family member of an EU citizen, it is not necessary to apply for residence permit on behalf of the child. It is up to you, whether you apply for a Certificate of temporary residence of an EU citizen (providing that the child remains in the territory of the CR for more than 3 months after the birth) or for the permanent residence permit (providing that the child’s parent has also been granted permanent residence). The advantage of applying for permanent residence within 60 days from the child’s birth is that the child is automatically accepted into the public health insurance system from the moment of birth.
Determination of Paternity and Child Maintenance Duty
The general rule is that the mother’s husband is considered the father of the child. If the parents are not married, paternity must be established by a declaration before a civil registry office or a court. Within 6 months from the birth of the child, one of the parents may also petition the court to determine paternity.
Parents are obliged by law to support their children until they are capable of sustaining themselves. This duty does not cease by the child’s reaching a specific age but usually by the completion of their studies or vocational training. If one of the parents neglects their duty to maintain the child, the other parent or the child may petition the court.